Ransomware is a version of cyber-attack that entails hackers taking over a computer or other device and insisting payment. Then they threaten to destroy the victims’ files unless the ransom is paid. Many ransomware attacks are targeted toward businesses and big corporations, but it could also affect individuals.
There are many ways to protect yourself from ransomware, and many attacks could have been averted had the victim exercised caution in their everyday usage of their apparatus. Security experts have introduced tips that will help users protect themselves from those cyber-attacks, especially following a rise in domestic and Worldwide cases:
According to TrendMicro, Ransomware is often spread through emails containing suspicious links. Once clicked, the hackers could get the user’s computer and then their documents, which they can block and freeze. That is where they endanger the victim with the reduction of their files, should they refuse payment.
However, there are ways that you can spot a dodgy email. Look closely at the email address to see whether it’s valid. Within the body of the email itself, search for obvious errors and grammatical errors. What’s more, you could try hovering over links (without clicking them) to see if they direct you to suspicious web pages.
Do not forget that banks and credit card companies won’t ever ask for private information such as your password or credit card details.
‘Malvertising’ is a new method that includes the embedding of malware in ads on websites you are familiar with and trust. They are frequently pop-ups and occasionally promote applications to eliminate malware. Never click on those adverts, but shut the windows immediately. To stop malvertising appearing on your trusted websites, you could use ad blockers, or alternatively, fix known browser security holes.
Last, not download an app which hasn’t been certified by an official shop, and always read reviews before installing anything to prevent allowing attackers access to your computer or mobile device.
2. Back up all your documents
If you make sure that you back up all of your data daily, you’ll be resistant to attacker’s risks if your computers or servers are obstructed. However, you have to make certain you utilize an external drive that’s offline so that the ransomware can’t reach them. By backing all your information onto external drives that aren’t directly connected to your desktop system, however, would allow you to erase all information from the attacked device and restore it using the backup, in the event you fall prey.
3. Always install valid updates
Upgrades are often released to fix bugs that may make your device more vulnerable to ransomware along with other attacks. Thus, download the newest version of your applications whenever it becomes available. To make certain you know when updates are available, turn on notifications or configure your own devices to automatically set up the latest updates.
4. Install an antivirus program
Antivirus software can detect malware and block it from penetrating your computer before it becomes visible or a threat to you. Nonetheless, be certain that you only download such software from reputable companies such as Bitdefender, Kaspersky Lab, and Norton.
5. Never cover the ransom
Paying the ransom will unfortunately only encourage attackers farther, and there’s absolutely not any guarantee that your files will be retrieved. Should you back up your information frequently, however, you can restore your documents from that.
If you’re part of a business make sure that you disconnect from the corporate network and the world wide web to avoid malware spreading to other devices. Also disable Bluetooth and Wi-Fi as these may also be an entrance for ransomware. Report the offense and seek help from a specialist who majors in data recovery, which means you can discuss your alternatives. In extreme situations, your only option may be to pay the ransom, however DO NOT do this unless you’ve spoken to an expert first.
For businesses, Ransomware is an absolute nightmare and can run riot through a network. For that reason, we’d always suggest ensuring that you have adequate security patches installed as well as robust antivirus and firewall solutions in place.